By Most Rev. Richard W. Smith, Archbishop of Edmonton

Tuesday, October 31, 2017

Commemorating the Reformation

Last evening I gathered with brothers and sisters from other Christian denominations to mark the 500th anniversary of the Reformation. The following is the homily I offered during the ecumenical service of prayer:

Brothers and Sisters in Jesus Christ,
 This evening's celebration is a moment of blessing and opportunity. Blessing, because we have assembled in the unity we share as fellow disciples, brothers and sisters by Baptism in Jesus Christ, the Son of God. Christ himself promised that, wherever two or three gather in his name he will be there among them. He, the mediator of all divine blessing, is here. Opportunity, because this moment in history affords us the occasion to give thanks to God for all that has been accomplished in recent times in the service of healing the divisions that have marked our common life for centuries, and to implore our Lord to give us the grace and light necessary to impel us toward the full recovery of the unity for which he gave his life and to which he summons us.

As we commit this evening to continue to walk the path toward unity, the direction given to us by the Lord is clear and sobering: "Apart from me you can do nothing." As he himself teaches, his Word purifies, and we thus are called upon to ask the Lord to cleanse us by his Word of any self-reliance that stands as an obstacle to the full working of divine healing grace in and through us. Since we are nothing apart from Christ, what is required is a mutual abiding: "Abide in me as I abide in you." (Jn 15:4).

Is this something we can embrace together? We understand well the necessity of mutual abiding in the life of the individual believer and in that of our respective ecclesial communities. How might we respond to this call of the Lord ecumenically? The key, it seems to me, is offered by St. Paul, when he counsels Christians to let the Word of God dwell richly within us, that is to say, to abide in us (Col 3:16). This moment in history contains within it a call to embrace a common commitment to enter the mystery of mutual abiding by allowing the Word of God itself to dwell more deeply within us, the Word in its power to heal, transform and unify.

This strikes me as an urgent duty. Modern communication modalities present us with a dizzying multiplicity of voices bombarding us minute by minute and competing for our attention. Many offer falsehoods that seduce us away from the love of God and from fidelity to Him. In so doing they exert an extraordinarily powerful centrifugal force that creates division and fracture in our hearts and minds, in our homes, in our communities and in our churches. When we read Holy Scripture, however, the effect is the opposite. As we ponder the sacred text, God draws near and speaks. His Word is alive; in it we actually encounter the God who has become one of us in Jesus. When we allow His Word to take root in us, our lives find their true horizon and clear direction. To live apart from that Word is to wander in darkness. His Word is the clear light that guides our steps (Psalm 119: 105); it is the sure compass that helps us navigate the paths of our earthly journey towards eternal life. By pruning away infidelity, it heals division and draws to unity.

Of course, allowing the Word of God to abide in us is enormously challenging. We experience this deeply today as the call of the divine Word meets the siren songs of modernity. Jesus summons us to obedience to the will of God. In our culture of presumed radical autonomy, the call to surrender my desires to the will of God is a summons very hard to accept. God's Word makes clear that the Christian is one who places others before self, who empties oneself for the sake of God and of others, just as Jesus emptied himself, even to the point of death on the Cross. But if we fall in with our culture of self-absorption, the call to self-gift can seem impossible to answer. The Bible echoes throughout its entirety with the call of God to turn away from sin and embrace virtue. Yet much of the messaging we receive in the various forms of media presents as virtue what is in reality vice, so putting this Word of God into practice will often require a serious re-orientation of thought.

It is precisely this renewal of mind, or what we more often speak of as conversion of life, that is required of each of us by the Word of God, an imperative that each of us who seeks to walk the path of ever deeper unity must embrace. Apart from Christ, our unaided efforts to achieve unity in the Church will prove fruitless. Real hope for true unity arises from our abiding in Him, allowing His Word to dwell within us, challenge us, heal us, and fashion us as authentic faithful disciples.

Monday, October 23, 2017

God and the Emperor

Recently I met with a group of young adults that gathers every month in St. Joseph's Basilica to discuss matters of faith. At one point, some of them shared with me the challenges they face when they seek to give witness to their faith in the workplace, the university or even at home. What is particularly painful and difficult is the fact that they often find themselves mocked or rejected.  This is not the first time people have shared this quandary with me. It is real, and certainly not easy.

Sunday’s Gospel text from St. Matthew (22:15-22) gave us one of the most famous sayings of Jesus: "Give therefore to the emperor the things that are the emperor’s, and to God the things that are God’s." (15:21) There are a number of levels of meaning at play in these words of our Lord. Together they help us appreciate why we, the disciples of Jesus Christ, deeply desire to give witness to our faith before others, and why we encounter at times a negative and hostile reaction.

At one level these words of Jesus remind us that we all have dual citizenship. On the one hand, we are part of a sovereign nation, in my case Canada. As citizens, we recognize the legitimate authority of the State to govern us in justice, to assure our security, to provide basic services such as infrastructure, education and healthcare, and so on. To this legitimate authority, we owe our duty to obey the laws of the land, to contribute to the common good and to pay taxes. On the other hand, because of our union with Christ through Baptism, we also have, even now, citizenship in heaven, our true homeland. As members of this citizenry, what we owe God is our worship, the gift of our entire lives to Him in faith and trust. We owe Him our complete obedience in love, seeking in all things to know His divine will and to follow it. So, "Give … to the emperor the things that are the emperor’s, and to God the things that are God’s."

Emperor Tiberius was caesar during the time of Jesus.

As we ponder these words, though, we realize that more is being taught by Jesus, for the simple reason that even the "emperor" belongs to God. Even the "emperor" is called to God's service. This is the message of Sunday’s first reading from Isaiah (45:1, 4-6). To free His people from bondage in exile, God made use of the earthly power of the foreign emperor Cyrus, though Cyrus knew it not. What Scripture is teaching us here is that, although earthly and heavenly citizenry might be distinct, nevertheless they are not entirely separate. Because all things belong to God, the two spheres interpenetrate. As we fulfill our duties as citizens of a country, we cannot separate out from consideration our obligations to Almighty God. Among those duties to God is the obligation to announce the Gospel. Jesus has sent us on mission to speak the truth of God's love and of God's plan to save the world in him.

Yet speaking the truth about God is not always welcomed with unbridled enthusiasm. Consider the setting of Jesus's famous saying. “Give … to the emperor the things that are the emperor’s, and to God the things that are God’s” is his answer to a question that was posed to him as a very clever trap by the Pharisees and the Herodians. Together those two groups represented the religious and political establishment of the day. They were not at all happy with the challenge that Jesus issued to them by speaking the truth about God, and sought to discredit him before the people and the Roman authorities. By his answer, our Lord not only avoided their trap but also revealed the malice and duplicity behind their tactics. These people sought to destroy him, and their efforts eventually brought him to the cross.

Echoes of this encounter between Jesus and his foes have reverberated throughout history in attacks against his Body, the Church. It continues in our own day. Our society's allergy to the Gospel is manifest in attempts to discredit the Church as out of touch or behind the times, or to marginalize people of faith.

Yet, how can we do otherwise than to give faithful witness? How can we do otherwise than to give to God the gift of our worship and to "the emperor" the gift of the Gospel? All around us is evidence of a crisis of hope besetting humanity. We know it need not be this way. There is a reason for real hope: the sure love of God, made manifest and active in Jesus Christ. This conviction impels us, as it impelled St. Paul (cf. 1Thessalonians 1:1-5), to announce the Gospel with confidence and joy, and in the power of the Holy Spirit. That power we must not forget. Just think: the earthly powers that raged against the Church throughout her long history, where are they now? Vanished. The Church continues. Jesus was led to the Cross, yes, but he rose from the dead! As Risen Lord he remains with the Church, bestowing upon her the gift of the Holy Spirit and investing the preaching and witness of his disciples with the Spirit’s power.

As followers of Jesus Christ, as people with both heavenly and earthly citizenry, we owe to God our fidelity, and to our brothers and sisters nothing less than the truth of Jesus Christ.

Wednesday, October 18, 2017


This French word means “rediscovery”. It has been used for the past forty years as the name to designate a very beautiful and extraordinary apostolate to married couples, who are experiencing difficulty in their marriage to the point of being on the verge of breakup.
I spent the past weekend at the annual international meeting of people involved in Retrouvaille. These are couples who, having themselves experienced marital discord and found healing of their marriages through Retrouvaille, are now passionately committed to helping others. The event drew together nearly 600 people from around the globe! Having begun as a small initiative in Hull, Quebec, Retrouvallie has since grown to a large international apostolate operating in Canada, the United States, Central & South America, Africa, Europe, the Caribbean, and the Western Pacific.
Over these past few days, I found myself wondering about the stories of the people. They’ve all come through their own experiences of heartache, pain and fear, and yet now they know healing and joy. The question that I’ve been pondering is, “What made the difference in their lives? What was the turning point?” 

From @daniellemurrayyoga on Instagram.
Sunday’s Gospel offers, I believe, the answer. In sum, these couples accepted the invitation.
What invitation? The parable of Jesus, recounted by St. Matthew (Mt 22:1-14) is that of a king who invites everyone to the wedding banquet of his son. That would be quite the invitation to receive!! Yet, remarkably, it is met with indifference, refusal and even hostility. This stands for the invitation issued throughout the history of humanity by God the Father to be with him in a communion of love and joy. Such a communion was often portrayed as a wedding banquet (e.g. first reading, Isaiah 25:6-10). No greater invitation is imaginable!!! Moreover, God rendered such communion fully possible by the gift of his Son, Jesus; hence the image in the parable of the wedding banquet for the king’s son. But that invitation has, in fact, been turned down by many. When the parable continues by recounting the king’s enraged response of destruction, it is making the point that, while acceptance of the invitation leads to unparalleled joy, the refusal of God’s invitation leads inevitably to the opposite - a decimated life.
By God’s grace, couples whose choices or mistakes may have arisen from a refusal of God’s invitation were led to a moment of acceptance, that is to say, to a decision to allow God in to do for them what only He can do. That’s what made the difference! The invitation came to them by the witness of others who had already walked a road similar to theirs, and the decision to accept it was encouraged by the witness of healing and happiness on display in Retrouvaille.
What about the mysterious ending of the parable? A man arrives at the banquet without a proper wedding garment and is thrown out by the king. Acceptance must be accompanied by appropriate “clothing”, which is to say that acceptance is good but insufficient. To accept the invitation to God’s kingdom means also the determination to don the requisite attire of humility, compassion, love, mercy, forgiveness, justice and so on. In the more particular context of a marriage needing healing, accepting God’s invitation to joy also demands a “re-clothing,” i.e. an exchange of the soiled clothing of hurtful attitudes and destructive behaviour for the immaculate vesture of self-sacrifice and self-gift.
I spent the weekend with couples who accepted that God-given invitation and who strive daily to “dress properly” in consequence. Their joy was palpable and contagious. Retrouvaille is a great gift to the Church and a much-needed apostolate for our world.

Tuesday, October 10, 2017

Be Thankful. Forget Tarshish

The civic holiday Thanksgiving Day coincides this year with Monday of the 27th Week in Ordinary Time of the liturgical calendar. The readings for the mass of that day include the beginning of the well-known story of the prophet Jonah (Jon 1:1 - 2:1, 11). The narrative relates the call of Jonah to preach to the inhabitants of the ancient city of Nineveh. Jonah doesn’t like the idea at all. He decides to run away, and determines to go to Tarshish.

Scripture scholars are undecided about the exact location of this ancient place. There are, however, two aspects of this locale on which there is general agreement. They render Tarshish an important symbol, which establishes an instructive connection between the attitude of Jonah and the mindset of today.
First, Tarshish is understood to have been some place on the far side of the Mediterranean from what is now the Holy Land. In other words, by determining to flee to Tarshish Jonah was striving to get as far away from God as possible. Hmmm. Sounds familiar. In our own day we give voice in multiple ways to the desire to leave God far behind. At the public level we hear (or say) such things as: Keep religion private! The insights of faith have no place in the public square! Personally, too, we may strive to run from God. Jonah was called to preach; we are called to a life of virtue. If our existence is marked by attitudes and behaviours that run counter to the call to holiness, we may be tempted to flee from God and His Word.

Second, Tarshish is referred to in Scripture as a source of much sought-after precious metals (cf. for example, Ezekiel 27:12). Wealth is a powerfully attractive symbol of self-reliance. Yet, precisely as such, it is also dangerously illusory. The flight to Tarshish away from God symbolizes the desire to replace dependence upon God with reliance upon our own resources. On this point much of Western society might be tempted to adopt Jonah as its patron! Yet the pursuit of such a desire is tantamount to running from reality into the arms of fantasy. The truth is that all things come from God. He bestows upon us the gift of life itself and holds us in existence by His merciful love. Apart from God we are nothing.
This leaves us with the question: why flee? If God is all-good and all-loving, why run from Him and toward ourselves; from reality to falsehood? Again, consider Jonah. He was afraid of God and of God’s call. To Jonah, the presence and voice of God had become a threat to his own freedom. Here we encounter the lie that has caused great ruin to the human family throughout its history, the falsehood first put in the minds of Adam and Eve by Satan: God is not to be trusted; His will impedes our freedom; His commands are obstacles to human flourishing. Therefore, flee God and pursue your own will and desires!

Right. The experience of Jonah makes clear where that will get us. No sooner does he decide to flee God and fend for himself, no sooner does he get into the boat destined for Tarshish, with all that it symbolizes, than there comes upon the ship and its voyagers a great storm that threatens them all with perishing. We can’t do it alone. We need God and His love. Pretending otherwise is an illusion with potentially lethal consequences.

God is no threat to freedom. There is no need to fear God. In fact, His love reveals liberty’s true nature and unleashes it. Freedom is among God’s gifts to us. We live in accord with true freedom when we freely choose to trust in the wisdom and providence of God, and to rely, in peace and thankfulness, upon His every good gift.
Forget Tarshish. Choosing that destination is to embark on a journey that leads to nowhere but disappointment and hardship. Instead, let’s choose simply to be thankful to God, trusting and not fearing, and to express that thanks with a willing acceptance of His call to virtue and the fullness of life.

Monday, October 2, 2017

Who’s He Been Listening To?

I woke up Sunday morning to the shocking news about an attack in Edmonton the prior night that police are investigating as possibly a terrorist act. As I write this blog post on Sunday afternoon, the details concerning the individual and his motives are not yet known. Yet already some questions have been coursing through my mind: who on earth has this man been listening to; what voices have placed within him such a deranged idea as the need to hurt or kill other people; who has he been allowing to exercise such a malevolent influence on his way of thinking?

Truth to tell, these kinds of questions have been preoccupying me for quite some time, not only because of this or other acts of violence but also due to the fact that we all are facing daily a barrage of “voices” and messages that seek to influence us and shape our mindset and, thus, our way of acting. Just think of the world of social communications. TV, radio, Internet, social media platforms, emails, texts, magazines and newspapers present us with a dizzying multiplicity of voices bombarding us minute by minute and competing for our attention. From amongst it all we make choices: we stay with a certain Internet site, we remain tuned in to a favourite television series, we follow particular Twitter personalities. The longer we remain tuned in, the more that particular voice or message will exercise its influence upon us and form our mindset, our way of thinking. This raises what in my estimation are some of the most important questions that we need to be posing: to whom am I listening? Whose messages, ideas or opinions am I allowing to influence my thinking and hence my way of living? Why? The one to whom I listen is the one to whom I give my trust. Are the sources trustworthy? On what basis do I make this assessment?

These questions lie behind my decision to issue a pastoral letter. In it I am inviting everyone in the Archdiocese to a particular form of very focused and attentive listening. Specifically, I'm inviting all of us to focus upon the one voice we know we can trust, to the one message that is certain to lead us to what is truly for our good. The voice is that of God, and His message is that which He has given to the world in the Gospel concerning His Son, Jesus Christ. I'd like us to undertake this listening by making a deliberate effort to read the Bible every day. Too many voices today are offering falsehoods that seduce us away from the love of God and from fidelity to Him. The temptation to listen to these voices and allow them to impact the way we think and act is very strong. By living daily in the Word of God, standing firm by faith in the truth it proclaims, we become inoculated against the cancer of falsehood that is always ready to take hold, and which can metastasize in our current communications environment with astonishing rapidity.

Frere Antoine's Bible in the crypt of St Albert Church.

The Bible is not just another book. As we read and ponder Sacred Scripture, God draws near and speaks. His Word is alive; in it we actually encounter the God who has become one of us in Jesus. When we allow His Word to take root in us, our lives find their true horizon and clear direction. To live apart from that Word is to wander in darkness; that is not God's will for us, His beloved children.

There are many words coming at us today, that is true. Yet amidst the changing reality of communications media, there is one unchanging word that alone remains always worthy of our trust, that alone unlocks the key to life's meaning and direction: God's Word, given to us in Sacred Scripture. It is the only Word that matters. Let's resolve to hear it with thanksgiving and, with joy, put it into practice.